Wine Terms Made Easy

Abboccato - Medium-sweet and full bodied
Amabile - Medium-sweet
Annata - Vintage
Azienda (or Casa) agricola - An estate that uses its own grapes in production of its wines
Azienda (or Casa) vinicola - A producer who buys in and vinifies, usually a large scale operation
Azienda (or Casa) vitivinicola - An estate that grows vines, buys in grapes and makes wines
Bianco - White
Botte - Cask
Bottiglia - Bottle
Cantina Sociale - Co-operative cellar
Cascina - Farmhouse (estate)
Cerasuolo - Cherry red
Chiaretto - Deep rose
Classico - The origonal centre of a DOC region, making the most typical wines.
Consorzio - Producerse trade association, whose members? wines are identified by a neck-label
Dolce - Sweet
Fattoria - Estate
Fermentazione naturale - Natural sparkle in a wine
Frizzante - Slighty sparkling
Imbottigliato alleorigine - Estate bottled
Invecchiato - Aged
Liquoroso - Strong, often fortified, wine
Maso, Masseria - Estate
Metodo charmat - Tank method sparkling wine
Metodo classico, metodo tradizonale - Traditional method, bottle-fermented sparkling wine
Passito, Passita - A generally strong, sweet wine made from part-dried grapes
Podere - A small estate
Produttore - Producer
Recioto - Similar to Passito, made with part-dried grapes
Riserva - Reserve, for DOC wines, one that has been aged in cask and / or bottle for a particular length of time
Rosato - Rose
Rosso - red
Secco - Dry
Semisecco - Medium-dry
Spumante - Sparkling wine made by any method
Stravecchio - Very old, particularly of marsala and spirits
Tenuta - Estate
Uva - Grape
Vecchio - Old; with DOC wines there are restrictions as to how this may be used.
Vendemmia - Vintage
Vigna, Vigneto - Vineyard
Vigniaiolo, Viticoltore - Grower
Vino Novello - New wine, bottled less than a year
Vitigno - Grape variety
Vivace - Slightly Sparkling.